Although some people will have a general idea of the difference between light, medium and dark roast coffee, many will not know all the differences between the coffee beans. Although coffee beans seem alike at first glance, on closer inspection, there can be some differences in the texture and colour of the coffee bean.
These differences affect the taste of the bean, although not to its detriment. However, the different roasting times of coffee beans can mean some prefer a particular coffee bean.
The following is an overview of the characteristics of each coffee bean and its flavour profile.
Light Roast Coffee Beans Explained
The light brown coffee beans will lack oil on the surface. Many believe that light roast coffee beans contain less caffeine than medium and darker roasted beans, but this is not the case.
Lightly roasted coffee beans often contain much more caffeine as they are only roasted for a short time. The taste of light coffee beans can vary but often contain sweet notes, floral tones, and floral aroma.
Light-roasted coffee beans provide plenty of antioxidants, including chlorogenic acid, which can help with inflammation and cell damage.
Medium Roast Coffee Beans Explained
Medium roast coffee beans have a thicker body than lightly roasted beans and will capture more of the flavour from the roasting process. The flavour of a medium roasted coffee bean still contains sweetness but leans towards a caramel taste and has medium acidity.
Medium roast coffee beans also offer antioxidants that can help improve skin complexion and lower cholesterol.
Dark Roast Coffee Beans Explained
Dark roast coffee beans are roasted for longer at higher temperatures and produce chaff caused by sugar caramelisation.
Dark roasted coffee beans are often cited among the most popular as they offer a balanced flavour and are perfect for those who like to drink coffee without milk.
Dark roast coffee was once considered the best, but this was often due to poor production. As such, those who enjoy dark roast coffee do so because of its bold flavour and profile.
The potential health benefits of dark roast coffee beans include vitamin B3 and N-methylation of pyridine compound, which aids weight loss and improved liver health.
Which Coffee Bean Is the Best? Light, Medium or Dark?
The reason why coffee has become so popular among the masses is due to the amount of choice available. As such, the best coffee bean is one that meets your requirements. For example, if you prefer your coffee with a fruity overture, then light roast coffee beans are the perfect fit.
Similarly, if you want a rich and bold taste that can be enjoyed on its own, then dark roast coffee beans are more suitable.
Of course, there is no need to conform to one type of coffee bean, but those trying coffee for the first time or wanting to try different iterations will find the guidance listed useful.